Material of LED lamp shade: Ultimate Guide(2024)

LED Weatherproof Fixtures

The material of the lampshade of the LED becomes one of the relevant factors for the distribution of light and efficiency and therefore is a factor in the lamp’s beauty. Some of the most common materials for LED lampshades are:

LED Weatherproof Fixtures

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I. Polycarbonate (PC) material lampshade

What is the PC material?

Full name: Polycarbonate, PC, is a colorless, transparent, excellent engineering plastic for thermoplastic with good physical and chemical properties. Most of the materials in the study are made of bisphenol A and carbonic acid dianhydride through a polymerization reaction. Due to its unique properties, polycarbonate has a wide application in several fields.

PC lampshade

Polycarbonate has high transparency and good light-scattering properties, which make it can be taken advantage of in the manufacture of LED lampshades and lenses. Some other components must have properties of light dispersing or focusing characteristics for providing uniform lighting effects with LED lights. The heat and resistance capacity of polycarbonate guarantees that the lampshade and lens shall not be deformed or turned yellow in the case of heat coming from the work over of LEDs for a long time.

The advantages of a lampshade in PC material

(1) High strength and toughness: Polycarbonate is one of the strongest known plastics in impact resistance, and it’s not easy breaking.

(2) Good optical properties for high light transmission: Light transmission of about 89% enables it to find multifarious applications where explicit materials are desired.

3) Resistance to heat: It can maintain stable performance within a wide temperature range, and its heat distortion temperature can reach 135°C.

(4) Cold resistance: serves at a temperature of -40°C to -60°C.

(5) Electrical Insulations: It is a good material for electrical insulation.

(6) Dimensional stability: It may demonstrate good dimensional stability with a low water absorption rate.

(7) Weathering and chemical resistance: Resistant to the action of ultraviolet rays, oxidants, and some chemical solvents.

II. Lampshade from PM material

What is PMMA material?

PMMA, popularly known as Acrylic, is a transparent solid with good resistance to wear and chemicals; its full chemical name is Polymethyl Methacrylate. It is also known as plexiglass. Free radical polymerization synthesis from the monomer methyl methacrylate gives Acrylics. Acrylics have supreme optical properties, good weather resistance, and processability, hence being the optimum replacement for glass.

Advantages of Acrylic(PMMA) material lampshade

(1) High transmission: up to 92% or greater.

(2) Machinability: can easily be cut, drilled, carved, and bonded well.

(3) Lightweight: Half the weight of glass.

(4) Low hardness: not as low as PC’s; impact resistance is easily scratched.

(5) Basis resistance: It offers quite good resistance to most chemicals but is dissolved by a few organic solvents.

(6) Electrical insulation: Good for forming molded insulation materials like electrical insulators.

(7)Different color choices.

(8) The acrylic material can also be dyed or added with light diffusers as required to make the lampshades have different colors and transparency to meet up other scenarios and decorative. Such variety allows the designers to provide rich visual effects.

(9) Environmental protection: Acrylic material can be recycled, and environmentally friendly materials are essential in contemporary environmental protection.

(10) Cost-effective: Compared to other materials that are highly transparent, the production of acrylic is cheap, and as a result, it turns into a more cost-effective lampshade.

Comprehensive above features, extended to the acrylic material by good light transmittance and high weather resistance; it is convenient for processing and has high flexibility in design and use; this is very important and useful in the lampshade’s design of the LED. It has been applied in many lighting applications to meet requirements for efficient, beautiful, durable, and eco-friendly lighting.

III. Glass shade lamp

What be glass?

Glass is an amorphous solid material that results from melting primarily silicates, usually including silicon dioxide (SiO2), alkali metal oxides like sodium or potassium oxides, and alkaline earth metal oxides such as calcium or magnesium oxides. The method of making glass forms part of the broader stages of melting the raw materials together. Upon its completion, the product of this melting process is rapidly cooled to prevent crystallization, thereby preserving the amorphous structure.

Features of Glass

It features high light transmittance, high transparency, high hardness, and high surface hardness. It is scratch-resistant and weather-resistant, hard to yellow with a long period of use, and still maintains good light transmittance—weight : Heavier, not strong, and hard to process and install.

Varied applications of glass lamp shade

(1) Transparent LED lampshade: It will take the lower edge of the transparent glass lampshade, carrying out the maximum brightness with the color temperature of the LED light source, to show the lighting with a clear and colorless effect. This kind of lampshade is used in environments that are usually exposed to high-brightness lighting demands, for example, in commercial spaces, showrooms, and offices.

(2) Frosted LED lampshade: The frosted glass lampshade can be slightly luminous to soften the light source, low in glare and light pollution, and very good at creating a warm atmosphere.

(3) Colored LED lamp: The colored glass lamp, when dyed or filmed, can give out various colors of light and has an individual decorative effect. They are used in places of entertainment, nightclubs, and unique theme interior decoration.

(4) Patterned LED Lampshade: Patterns can be carved or printed on the glass shade to quickly introduce artistic and design elements; this product is very suitable for decorating high-end commercial spaces and private houses.

(5) Heat-resistant LED lampshade: As radiant heat produces the LED lamps and lanterns during operation, the heat-resistant glass lamp holder can maintain a higher temperature, ensuring the stability of the lampshade and the safety of the product.

6) Dustproof of LED Lampshade: Sealed by a glass lampshade, the dust and bugs are isolated from the inside of the lamps and lanterns, saving the trouble of cleaning and reducing the maintenance cost and extending the use time.

(7) Customised LED lamp cover: Glass is full of plasticity that enables customization in different shapes and sizes as the designer requires to meet the requirements of personalized lighting.

Overall: the glass LED lampshade is used not only to the function in lighting but also to be a kind of ornament and realize decorative effects in an indoor place. Used primarily for aesthetic decoration, high-quality and artistic lamps, and lanterns, some specific applications are used with high transmittance to light.

IV. Metal Material Lampshade—Gold, Aluminum, Copper

The metal materials include, among others: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, iron, etc. Due to this unique texture, metal lampshades have quite a list of characteristics:

Characteristics of Metal Lampshades

1. High strength and durability

Advantages: Lampshades are more durable and more robust, made of aluminum, stainless steel, and copper, and are less prone to mechanical shock and pressure. They are much harder to damage, which gives the lampshade a much longer life. It can be applied to applications where high durability is required, such as industrial lighting and outdoor street lighting.

2. Good Properties of Thermal Conduction

Some of the benefits of good heat conduction in metal materials are that they rapidly dissipate heat, decrease the probability of LED lamps getting too hot, and increase the performance and service life of the lamp. This kind of material is often adopted in LED lamps and lanterns with a high-light and heat association or in applications where efficient heat dissipation is necessary, like steel mills for other high-brightness lighting, or it is of long-time, continuous use of the lamps and lanterns.

3. Prevention and safety in case of fire

At the same time, there are some advantages that the metal material possesses, ensuring that the performance of the lamps is superior in dealing with fires and not easy to burn; they can effectively enhance the safety of the lights and lanterns, especially in some places with a high temperature or fire-hazardous environment. Specifically, it is more convenient to see what public buildings, transportation facilities, industrial places, or places with a high requirement for safety level.

4. Design flexibility

Characteristics: Metals are endowed with characteristics of malleability and ductility, making metal materials feasible to be formed into different kinds of complex shapes and structures through a variety of processes, such as casting, stamping, cutting, and welding. At the same time, the surface of the metal can be sprayed, plated, and anodized, giving many colors and textures. It is widely used in the modern decorative lighting industry and personalized lighting design, such as home lighting, hotels, and restaurants, among other high-end spaces.

5. Reflective performance

Advantages: Can be polished and plated with good material reflection, which results in the better light efficiency of LED lights; therefore, it can be used in scenery with high light efficiency, including stage lighting, exhibition display, and outdoor advertising light boxes.

6. Resistance to corrosion Advantages

Many kinds of metal materials, such as stainless steel and treated aluminum, have very high corrosion resistance and can be used in wet environments that are chemically corrosive, thereby being suitable for use in seacoasts, chemical plants, and other highly corrosive fields. With this, LED lamp shades made of metal can give a lighting effect not just functionally but also as a decoration that textures and styles up the inner space.

V. Plastic Lightshade

Definition of Plastic

Plastics: A polymeric compound material, more often than not a synthetic polymer, but it can also be natural, with the common characteristic that it can be softened and molded while in a heated state and can maintain the shape it was molded into at a cooled state. Its features make it applied massively; these include being light, tenacious, cheap, and manufacturable.

Types of Plastics

There are so many types of plastics, and here below are the nine, with their numbers and uses:

1) Polyethylenes: High-density polyethylene (HDPE) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Highly used in packaging, more specifically in plastic bags, pipes, and bottles.

(2) Polypropylene (PP): It bears fair heat and chemical-resistant properties. It is used in the manufacturing of tableware, parts of cars, and for medical purposes, among others.

(3) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): Used for various applications, such as pipes, window frames, cable insulation, flooring, and wall coverings.

(4) Polystyrene (PS): This is used to manufacture plastic dishes, foam packaging materials, monitor shockproof packaging, and other applications.

(5) Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA): Known as acrylic or plexiglass, it is high in transparency and gloss. They are used for making lighting fixtures, signs, decorations, etc.

6) Material with high strength and good transparency are applicable in the manufacturing of polycarbonate (PC). It is used to make mobile phone cases, safety helmets, and LED lamps.

(7) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET): widely used in packaging food and beverages and in textile fibers.

(8) Polyamide (PA): Commonly known as nylon, which is rigid and inflexible, and is used to fabricate hosiery, ropes, automotive parts, etc.

(9) Polyurethane (PU): Foam, coatings, adhesives, seal.

Lightweight, simple to process and install, low cost, durability, wear, corrosion resistance, and other features make up the material.
It is ideal for use in economic lamps and lanterns, outdoor lights and lanterns, temporary lighting, and other scenes.

The application of plastic in LED lampshade

(1) Polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP): They have good resistance to weathering and are of low cost, hence highly used for outdoor LED lamp shades in outdoor LED luminaries with more basic protection.

2) PVC: Due to added fillers, PVC may be obtained in varying hardness and withstanding heat. Most LED cases of different shades of lamps can mainly occur at those places requiring very high flexibility.

(3) Polystyrene (PS): General purpose polystyrene and expanded polystyrene (EPS) are often seen in the manufacture of lightweight, cheaper cost LED lampshades.

(4) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET): It is highly transparent and has good heat resistance, thus applying to LED shading plates that require such transparency and high-temperature resistance.

(5) Silicone: Even though it’s not plastic, it has nature as a thermosetting rubber material. It is commonly used for the lampshades of LEDs because of its good heat and UV resistance.

With the addition of a wide variety of plastic, the selectability of the material becomes very promising. The use of plastic material in the field of LED lampshades has become one of the tips to top ideas for making a new type of high-performance multifunctional LED lamps and lanterns—an approach very welcome in all aspects of illumination applied to all elements due to many advantages of the material’s lightness, high transmittance capacity, and resilience to impulse, among many other factors.

VI. Textile lamp shade

What is fabric?

A fabric class is a kind of stuff that concerns a vast range of materials—both natural and synthetic fibers, such as cotton, hemp, silk, polyester, etc.

LED fabric light cloth refers to applying LED lamps and lantern accessories in fabric.

Features of the LED fabric light cloth

1. Light diffusion: The fabric lampshade diffuses light with the LED light source, naturally weakening the light entering points, glare, and light spots, creating a warm and comfortable effective lighting environment.

2. Ornamental: Given its wide range in hues, prints, and textures, a fabric lampshade can thus be easily adapted with any interior decoration style, infusing a great sense of aesthetics and personality in space.

3. Thermal insulation: Fabric material serves to insulate the heat generated by the LED bulbs and protect both users and furniture from excessive temperatures.

4. Flexibility: Fabric materials are easy to cut and sew and, hence, can be shaped into varieties of shapes and sizes of the lampshades per the design needs.

5. Durability: The correct material of the fabric material and artistry will ensure that the lampshade is strong against wear and tear in any form or color fading.

This implies that safety and environmental protection are highly guaranteed because most fabric lampshades are non-conductive. The use of recyclable or biodegradable fabric material improves the environmental friendliness of the product.

The artistic function of fabric lampshades

Fabric lampshades are used not only within lighting accessories but also to depict artistic scenery:

(1) Aesthetic decoration: Rich colors, patterns, and textures contained in the fabric lampshades could be the emphasis within a space, providing a space with an artistic atmosphere. The designer might select a suitable fabric lampshade or customize one according to the theme and style of space to make the decoration effect harmonious and unified.

(2) The art of light and shadow:The unique qualities of materials and shapes in textile lampshades can create the opportunity to produce soft, layered light and shadow effects. This play of light and shadow renders practical and functional light, making a difference in a unique atmosphere and mood.

(3) Spatial zoning: Fabric lampshades of varied designs or colors can be used in open spaces or large exhibition areas to delineate the activity areas while retaining spatial coherence and artistry.

(4) Fabric lampshades can be made in themed and styled varieties, like vintage, modern, ethnic, etc., to allow the theme of the space to run through in a robust manner and help give an immersive experience to the visitors.

(5)Expression of emotion: With material, color, and shape, fabric lampshades can express emotions or cultural connotations, thereby adding storytelling and depth to space.

(6)Artistic display: In the case of the art galleries for art exhibitions or creative stations, lamp fabrics could be a part of the artwork. They serve to display the artistic ability and innovative skills of the designer.

(7) Interactivity experience: When the fabric lampshades with some interactive art installations respond to what the crowd is doing by performing changes—for example, changing color or lightness according to the touch—it increases participation interest.

Fabric LED lampshade: ideally suitable for all kinds of home lighting, decorative lamps and lanterns, and hotel, and restaurant decorative lighting. Note on Fabric Lamp Shade Maintenance: Clean fabric lamp shades to maintain the best optical effect and aesthetic appearance. They are not only applied for lighting but also in the creation of aesthetic and creative value in the space. With the development of material technology and design concepts, the use of fabric lampshades will indeed be more diversified and innovative in artistic scenes.

VII. Lampshade – Paper and paper composite

Paper and Paper Composite LED Lampshade: eco-friendly; lightweight; nice light transmittance. The design of the lampshade material embodies the concept of innovation and sustainability. Share the following advantages and features:

1. Environment and sustainable

Benefit: The LED lampshade can also be made of paper or composite. It’s environmentally friendly and can be made with recycled paper.

Features: Biodegradable or reusable material that conforms with the requirement of modern society on sustainability and environmental protection for development, so as to be the least adverse effect on the environment.

2. Soft Light Effect

Benefits: The paper lampshade softly and gently diffuses light in a way that changes the ambiance of light into something warm and cozy.
Features: The positive quality of the paper, in terms of diffusing the light, avoids direct sunlight that is harsh, capturing the softer lighting environment within.

3. Brightness and Transmission

Benefit: Being lightweight, paper and its composites have good light transmittance whereby it reflects a smooth, soft, and even light and is, therefore, more friendly to human.

Features: It is lightweight paper that makes installation easy and allows the lamps to be rearranged. Translucent—allows light to dissipate evenly.

4. Decorative and Aesthetic

Benefit: The paper material can be shaped, cut, folded, printed, etc., as desired to result in many shapes, patterns, and styles of lampshades, with decorations and creativities in high degrees.

Features: The paper lampshade can create varied and rich effect appearances according to different design requirements and scene styles, adding fun and individualization to the indoor furnishings.

5. Affordable

Advantages: Paper lampshades are usually inexpensive, simple, and accessible through mass production.

Features: Suitable for cost-sensitive markets like home lighting, catering, and retail, which demand energy-efficient lighting solutions.
LED lampshade designs from paper and paper composite materials are an innovative option for the development of eco-friendly, aesthetic, and affordable interiors with lighting included in them. This also includes such types of lamps as Japanese-style ones, decorative lamp shades, and temporary and festive decorative lamps.


1. Polycarbonate (PC): Polycarbonate is suitable for using LED lampshades required to be highly high-durable and secure enough; in particular, they need to be highly strengthened, impact-resistant, and transparent. LED lampshades made of PC are now used in outdoor lighting, commercial lighting, and modern home decoration with excellent performance.

2. Acrylic (PMMA): the transmission of light is high with gloss and good weather resistance, so it is primarily used in high-end commercial spaces and modern house decoration, mainly in the design with the requirement of a light-shadow effect.

3. Glass: Glass shades provide good optical performance and thermal resistance. They can be used in LED solutions that require good transparency and temperature resistance. Glass shades are applicable in both traditional and modern designs, especially where good transparency and temperature resistance are necessary.

4. Metal: LED shade made of metal is one of the common materials because of the high intensity, heat resistance, and unique texture. In particular, they are widely utilized in industrial, commercial, and outdoor lighting designs for not only durability but for better heat dissipation.

5. Plastic: For the LED shades, plastic comes with lightweight, flexible, and economical features. Plastics like PE, PP, PVC, and PS, among the list, are used for all assortments of lighting requirements and are highly consumed from household to commercial uses.

6. Fabric lampshades: The materials for the fabric lampshades are valued for soft texturing, rich choice of colors and designs, and sound diffusion of light. They are mainly used not only in home lighting but also in several commercial spaces, especially in need of design to create a warm atmosphere.

7. Paper and paper composites: paper-based lampshades that offer eco-friendly, cheap design for temporary lighting, using interchangeable designs—getting very popular in creative lighting for special events.

Conclusion: In short, the LED lampshades and their material selection must be considered about the lighting performance, product design, cost, and environmental impact. All the said material has their characteristics and find a fit in various application fields and design requirements. Because of technological advancements in LED products and the various designs required by the target market of consumers, the different materials involved in producing LED lampshades are evolving and innovating. Designers and producers aim to discover new material requirements and processes to attain performance, as well as the look required by the growing aware market of environmental issues and sustainability. This also drives the use of recyclable and biodegradable materials in LED lampshades. New and innovative LED lampshade materials that are more environmentally sound are anticipated in the market soon.



What are typical materials for LED lamp shades?

LED lamp shades are usually made of fabric, glass, metal, plastic, or paper. Each of them provides various aesthetic and functional benefits.

How does a lamp shade effect light from an LED bulb?

The lampshade will help to scatter, soften, and steer the LED light, thereby significantly reducing unwanted glare and adding to the general esthetics. The material and color will equally contribute to the warmth of the light and its intensity.

Is it possible to use any lamp shade with an LED bulb?

Most lampshades can be used with LED bulbs, but it should be checked that the shade can take the heat produced. However, the LED produces less heat than the traditional bulb. Make sure to check compatibility with the lamp base and bulb type.

What are some benefits of using fabric lamp shades in conjunction with LED lamps?

These help to cast a warm, diffused light from LED lights about fabric shades, which emanate a beautiful, warm glow and create a homely, attractive climate. The shades may be tailored in a choice of colors and patterns to offer versatile design options that will blend in well with diverse styles of interior settings.

Are there any unique lampshades made for LED lamps?

Yes, those lampshades are designed for LED lamps, whereby the lower temperature and lighting characteristics of LED lamps are optimized. Lampshades for such lamps might also have materials and constructions that enhance both the efficiency and aesthetics of the light from the LED. How to clean and maintain an LED lamp shade The cleaning process depends on the lampshade material. In case the shade is of fabric, you have the option of vacuuming or wiping with a soft, damp cloth; if it is made of glass or plastic, you can clean it with a solution of mild soap. In all cases, make sure the lamp is always off and unplugged before cleaning.

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